At the end of April, it was found that around 25 percent of people in Britain wore masks or face masks in public places. The amount is considered very low.
To this day many Britons are reluctant to wear masks even though the Corona virus pandemic hasn’t ended in that country. This can be seen in the shopping area and subway facilities in London. In the same week, the World Health Organization (WHO) also confirmed evidence of the emergence of airborne corona virus transmission. Therefore, senior scientists urged Britons to use masks as an effort to prevent transmission of the virus.
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The UK is still one of the countries in the world most affected by Corona, with the number of deaths reaching nearly 45,000. Was third after Brazil and the US. “Britain is far behind many countries in terms of wearing masks,” said the head of the British national science academy, Venki Ramakrishnan. Ramakrishnan also claimed that not wearing a mask should be considered an anti-social measure. Like driving while drunk. “Also with growing evidence, wearing a mask will help protect others, and even yourself,” he explained.
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The statement from Ramakrishnan also became a review of global scientific research on the use of masks published by multi-disciplinary groups, organized by the Royal Society – Data Evaluation and Learning for Viral Epidemics (DELVE). The SET-C (Science in Emergencies Tasking COVID-19 group) report and the British Academy attempt to explain, factors of social behavior that seem to influence the use of masks. As well as showing how important government policies and messages they give.
At the end of April, it was found that around 25 percent of people in Britain wore masks or face masks in public places. That number is considered very low compared to Italy which is able to reach up to 83.4 percent and 63.8 percent in Spain in the same period.
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Rejection Factors for Mask Use
Director of the Leverhulme Center for Demographic Science at Oxford University and lead author of the SET-C report, Melinda Mills, explains to understand why people don’t wear masks, it is important to examine behavioral factors such as public understanding of masks and how they are used. “It can be explained, it is not the public’s fault for not wearing a mask in the UK. On the contrary, consistent policy and effective public messages are very important, which are even different in England, Scotland and Wales,” Mills explained.
Citizens in countries such as Italy and Spain, according to Mills, quickly adopted the culture of wearing masks during the Corona COVID-19 period, influenced by consistent authorities’ policies and guidelines for the purpose of using masks.
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Examples are taken from Spain which has recorded more than 28,000 deaths from the virus. Since May 21, the Spanish government requires everyone over the age of six to wear a mask indoors and outdoors. Or when a minimum distance of two meters is not possible. Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez is known to have ordered that the policy remain in effect, even after the emergency status in Spain ended on June 21.
While a new study in the US, shows one of the main drivers of the Corona Virus case is from “silent spreaders,” or so-called asymptomatic or asymptomatic people. The report was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, which found that those without symptoms (asymptomatic or presymptomatic) could be responsible for half the cases.
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Therefore, the report also highlights how masks can be useful in preventing the spread of viruses.
“We have identified convincing evidence that is decades old and seems to be forgotten. Since when surgical masks were made from cloth and can be reused, they show that they help prevent transmission of infections through the air. Now there is even some evidence that masks might be directly beneficial to the wearer. , “said Emeritus Pathology and Medicine Laboratory professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Paul Edelstein.
Do not stop there, Edlestein also added, people who have no symptoms can also unconsciously blow droplets (droplets) that carry the virus. “If their faces are covered, most of the droplets will be captured before they can infect others. Wearing face masks can help save lives and prevent disease,” Edlestein added.